Kraft and Saputo lose legal challenge against Canadian cheese standards

By Guy Montague-Jones

- Last updated on GMT

Related tags: Dairy processors, Milk

An attempt by Kraft Canada and Saputo to overturn Canadian government standards on the composition of cheese has been dismissed by the Federal Court of Appeal.

The case relates to 2008 standards that were introduced with the stated aim of ensuring that cheese products meet consumer expectations and interests. Other stated aims included greater harmonisation of federal regulations and greater consistency with international standards.

Specifically, the standards set certain minimum percentages for the use of casein content from liquid milks, as opposed to casein content from other milk products. They also required that the whey protein to casein ratio or “whey ratio” does not exceed the whey ratio of milk.

Court arguments

Kraft and Saputo objected to the standards, arguing that they really aim to penalise dairy processors.

Court documents state that the companies assert that the “essential or dominant purpose”​ of the regulation is “to effect an economic transfer in favour of dairy producers to the detriment of dairy processors by requiring the use of additional liquid milk in the production of cheese.”

Kraft and Saputo argued that the new rules have a substantial impact on milk supply costs for dairy processors.

However, Justice Robert Mainville at the Federal Court of Appeal found little substance in their arguments.

Mainville concluded that new technologies which reduce the use of liquid milk in cheese may affect taste, texture and smell. He therefore agreed with the initial judgment that the new compositional standards intend to protect consumers by ensuring that cheese has consistent composition and characteristics.

The judge also found it “abundantly clear”​ that the regulations sought greater consistency with international standards and described the argument that they did not aim to achieve greater harmonisation of federal regulations as “simply untenable”.

Government reaction

The Canadian government welcomed the verdict. Agriculture minister Gerry Ritz said: “We are pleased that the Federal Court of Appeal has upheld the authority of the federal government to set compositional standards.

“Canadians expect cheese to be made of real milk and this decision will ensure it is. We are proud of our record standing up for consumers.”

Kraft and Saputo were not available for comment before deadline.

Related topics: Regulation & Safety, Cheese

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1 comment

Cheese manufacturer's should produce according to Regulations

Posted by Stan Saacks,

One should not produce cheese to meet a consumer like. Regulations ought to be drawn up by both the industry and the authority. Regulations need address the health safety of a large consumer group (which should also take into account the long established overseas market. Standards are usually set to comply with long-established and well-known named types (e.g. cheddar, gouda,Halvarti etc. Product that does not conform should be named according to trade mark requirements and have to create a separate (different) market.

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